GOOD FRIDAY, 1869
On Good Friday in 1869 Edward Morris, the Manager of the Newfoundland Savings Bank went out for his daily constitutional, a walk about the town of St. John’s. He interrupted his walk, deciding to drop in on his friend Robert Kent. Upon arriving at the house, he discovered that his friend was out but his father (Jimmy) was at home, in a heated argument with the servant of the house.
In his diary Edward Morris explained.
“I found (Jimmy) disputing with the servant about a bun which she was giving him as a cross bun, he seemed very dubious, as indeed he might, for it was one of the old familiar type of common penny buns”.
This was not a small matter in 1869. Good Friday was a day of fast, but one of the treats, on this day, was what we now call a hot cross bun. Jimmy Kent was not to be deprived of his “cross bun” for the inferior “penny bun’.
Edward Morris had to play the referee. He wrote in his diary:
“However, as I was appealed to for a decision , I was obliged, for expediency sake, to compromise myself by saying it was very like Lash’s Cross Buns and that seemed to reconcile poor Jim to the deception”
Lash’s Cross Buns were sold by J and G Lash a Confectionary Store on Water Street.
The Hot Cross Bun is the most famous, and probably the oldest, of the many English buns. The Hot Cross Bun was originally eaten only on Good Friday.
According to tradition, Father Rocliff, a monk and the cook of St. Alban’s Abbey, in Hertfordshire, on Good Friday in 1361 gave to each poor person who came to the abbey one of ‘these spiced buns marked with the sign of the cross’, along with the usual bowl of soup. The custom was continued and soon spread throughout the country.
Hot Cross Buns became enormously popular in England in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Sharing a hot cross bun with another is supposed to ensure friendship throughout the coming year, particularly if one recites the ditty:
“Half for you and half for me, Between us two shall goodwill be”
Because of the cross on the buns, some say they should be kissed before being eaten.
Recommended Archival Collection: Edward Morris Diary, 1869. Archives of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador.
For more on Food on “Good Friday” read: Only “fish” on Good Friday: http://archivalmoments.ca/2014/04/is-seal-flipper-meat-or-fish/
Definition: A Penny Loaf was a common size loaf of bread in England set down by the Assize of Bread Act in 1226. The actual cost and weight of the bread, however, would vary based on the flour that had been used.
Definition: The Assize of Bread Act was a 13th-century statute (assize) in late medieval English law, which regulated the price, weight and quality of the bread and beer manufactured and sold in towns, villages and hamlets. It was the first law in British history to regulate the production and sale of food.